A Teaching Outline for the Book of Hosea

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As one of the largest books of the Minor Prophets, Hosea stands as a monumental text, beloved not only by believers today, but clearly by the New Testament authors as well. Even a quick read through the book reveals that it serves as the basis for much of New Testament thought. For example, Paul taught about the grafting in of Gentiles during this present Church Age by quoting directly from Hosea, saying, “As He says also in Hosea, ‘I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’ and her who was not beloved, ‘beloved’’” (Rom. 9:25, cf. Hos. 1:10). Matthew explained the divine correspondence between Israel’s failure and Jesus’ success by quoting Hosea as follows: “So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: ‘Out of Egypt I called my Son.’” (Matt. 2:15, cf. Hos. 11:1). Even Jesus Himself demonstrated an affinity for this book (in addition to Isaiah, Jeremiah, and others) when He revealed Himself as the true vine that gives life, in contrast with the “luxuriant vine”—the lavishly blessed, yet apostate, Northern Kingdom—that self-destructed (cf. John 15:1, Hos. 10:1, Isa. 5:2, Jer. 2:21, et al.).

Perhaps just as much, Hosea is remembered for the surprising way in which he was commissioned. When he was called to prophesy (a ministry that would span 50-60 years, much of which would be during the reign of Jeroboam II) the Lord told him to take a wife for himself who would one day leave him, a tragedy which would not not only help Hosea identify with his message, but illustrate it to others (cf. Hos. 1:2). He was also called to name his children in prophetic ways that would reveal God’s plans for Israel—”Jezreel,” for the coming “scattering” that God would do through the nation of Assyria, “Lo-ruhama,” for the pitiless subjugation that would come upon the nation, and “Lo-ammi,” for the severed relationship that would occur on account of Israel’s unfaithfulness. In keeping with this theme, the book of Hosea is laden with message after message of judgment and denunciation of Israel for their false religion, outright wickedness, and moral hypocrisy.

At the same time, the text also indicates that God called Hosea to go again and love his former wife (cf. Hos. 3:1). Buying her back from the market for the price of a slave (fifteen shekels of silver and a homer and a half of barley being the equivalent of 30 shekels called for in Mosaic Law, cf. Exod. 21:32), Hosea’s redemption of his wife provides a breathtaking picture of God’s love for, and faithfulness to, His people. Thus, there will indeed come a day in which “the sons of Israel will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king” (Hos. 3:5). Until the true and greater King David returns, let us seek Him in His Word, wherein we can learn about God’s redemption of people from every nation—all who will repent and believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. The following outline is offered to assist. May God bless you with fruitful growth as you deliver this book verse by verse to others.

The Word of the Lord to Hosea (Hosea 1:1-11)

Prophetic Commission (Hosea 1:1-2)

Prophetic Conception (Hosea 1:3-9)

Prophetic Compassion (Hosea 1:10-11)

Message: Contend with Your Mother (Hosea 2:1-23)

The Reason for Judgment (Hosea 2:1-5)

The Reason for Sorrow (Hosea 2:6-13)

The Reason for Hope (Hosea 2:14-23)

The Love of the Lord in Hosea (Hosea 3:1-5)

Restoration of Gomer (Hosea 3:1-3)

Restoration of Israel (Hosea 3:4-5)

Message: A Lack of Knowledge (Hosea 4:1-19)

The People (Hosea 4:1-3)

The Priests (Hosea 4:4-10)

The Worship (Hosea 4:11-14)

The Nation (Hosea 4:15-19)

Message: A Spirit of Harlotry (Hosea 5:1-7)

The Sinners Exposed (Hosea 5:1-3)

The Sin Examined (Hosea 5:4-5)

The Sentence Executed (Hosea 5:6-7)

Message: Wrath Like Water (Hosea 5:8-15)

Judgment Declared (Hosea 5:8-9)

Judgment Deserved (Hosea 5:10-11)

Judgment Described (Hosea 5:12-15)

Message: Loyalty Rather Than Sacrifice (Hosea 6:1-11)

A Model of True Faith (Hosea 6:1-3)

A People of False Faith (Hosea 6:4-11)

Message: They Deal Falsely (Hosea 7:1-16)

A Hot Oven (Hosea 7:1-7)

An Unturned Cake (Hosea 7:8-10)

A Silly Dove (Hosea 7:11-15)

A Deceitful Bow (Hosea 7:16)

Message: Reap the Whirlwind (Hosea 8:1-14)

False Devotion (Hosea 8:1-3)

False Leaders (Hosea 8:4)

False Gods (Hosea 8:5-7)

False Alliances (Hosea 8:8-10)

False Religion (Hosea 8:11-14)

Message: On the Day of the Appointed Festival (Hosea 9:1-17)

Rejoicing Like the Nations (Hosea 9:1-6)

Relying on False Prophets (Hosea 9:7-9)

Repeating Their Folly (Hosea 9:10-14)

Rebelling Against God (Hosea 9:15-17)

Message: A Luxuriant Vine (Hosea 10:1-15)

Misused Blessing (Hosea 10:1-3)

Misleading Speech (Hosea 10:4)

Misplaced Affection (Hosea 10:5-8)

Misunderstood Purpose (Hosea 10:9-12)

Misguided Trust (Hosea 10:13-15)

Message: Out of Egypt I Called My Son (Hosea 11:1-11)

Israel’s Past (Hosea 11:1-4)

Israel’s Present (Hosea 11:5-7)

Israel’s Future (Hosea 11:8-11)

Message: Wait for Your God Continually (Hosea 11:12-12:14)

The Nation Jacob’s Payback for Its Betrayal (Hosea 11:12-12:2)

The Person Jacob’s Persistence for His Blessing (Hosea 12:3-6)

The Nation Jacob’s Punishment for Its Behavior (Hosea 12:7-9)

The Person Jacob’s Provision for His Bride (Hosea 12:10-14)

Message: Through Baal He Did Wrong (Hosea 13:1-16)

Turning to Idols (Hosea 13:1-3)

Turning from the Only Savior (Hosea 13:4-8)

Turning from the True King (Hosea 13:9-14)

Turning from the One God (Hosea 13:15-16)

Message: Take Words with You (Hosea 14:1-9)

A Call to Repent (Hosea 14:1-3)

A Promise to Restore (Hosea 14:4-8)

A Truth to Remember (Hosea 14:9)